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Orthodontists – What Are They? Most of us only pay a visit to an orthodontist in an effort to get a brace. But apart from having specialization in teeth braces, what are exactly in the field of study that an orthodontist has? As a matter of fact, orthodontics is otherwise known as orthodontia, which is the first ever created specialization in field of dentistry that is dealing with diagnosis and treatment of jaws and teeth that are positioned improperly. As for those who have graduated from dentistry school and would like to pursue orthodontics, they must pursue MDS or Master of Dental Surgery in Orthodontics and at the same time, 3 year master’s degree course. But what about other issues in dental health that such professionals are dealing with? Read on to learn more about these things. Number 1. Overbite – to have a better understanding of this matter, it is ideal to perform a quick Google search. Basically, overbite is the condition where lower teeth are overlapped by the upper. Whether you believe it or not, it is more common to have overbites than underbites. Causes of overbites can be a lot such as habits during early years of life such as thumb sucking or excessive bottle feeding, hereditary and so forth. These childhood habits result to overdeveloped upper jaw or perhaps, an underdeveloped lower jaw.
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While clear aligners similar to invisalign aligners or braces are being used for treating overbites, there are some cases that may still need a surgery. Tooth extraction is being done in order to assist with movement of other teeth in position.
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Number 2. Underbite – as what you have in mind already, underbite is contrary of overbite which is a type of condition that upper teeth are overlapped by the lower. The top cause of underbite conditions are hereditary. You having an underbite only increases the odds of your child to suffer from one as well. While the other causes are also similar to overbites including prolonged use of pacifier, bottle feeding, thumb sucking and several other infancy and early childhood habits. Again, clear aligners or braces are being used in an effort to correct underbites. Number 3. Spacing – what is meant by this is that, there are gaps between teeth. The orthodontist is going to evaluate the condition and prescribe the right treatment. Once again, clear dental aligners are braces will be used. As for those who don’t like to opt for metal brace because of appearance reasons and couldn’t pay for invisalign, it is wise to go with clear brace. The benefit of having an orthodontic treatment isn’t just intended for having aesthetic and pleasing appearance in teeth but to avoid gum disease or periodontal disease.